National Geographic : 1995 Nov
NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC Geograp ca DARWIND. B Amish Quilts: The Key Is Geography TO MOST OUTSIDERS the ways of the Amish seem uniform no matter where the Plain People live. But a recent study of their colorful quilts, a cultural main stay since the mid-19th century, shows differences between the Amish of Pennsylvania and those of Ohio. Quilts sewed by the Amish in Lancaster County, Pennsylva nia, like this unsigned Dia mond in the Square (above, right), were made of large squares of material with a center design and wide borders. Amish families who migrated to Holmes County, Ohio, settled along a major road west, befriended their "English" neighbors, and adopted different quilt patterns. Often making do with scraps of fabric, the Ohio quilters pieced together multicolored rectangles in repeated EARLEYANTIQUES,AKRON,OHIO patterns like Roman Stripe (above, left), a group effort signed with initials and pre sented as a gift. Examining quilts in both states, geographer and quilter Karen M. Trifonoff of Blooms burg University in Pennsylvania found that "within each com munity the same pattern has been made with little change for years." RICHARDTHOMPSON NOVEMBER 1995 MUSEUMOFAMERICANFOLK ART, NEW YORKCITY Cooking Up a Stew of Ancient Dishes TAKE A LING FISH and wash its stomach, which Shetland Island ers call a muggie. Tie one end, fill with oatmeal and sliced cod liver, tie the other end, and boil in salted water for 30 minutes. You've prepared a dish Britons have feasted on for thousands of years: hakka muggie. Jane Renfrew, a University of Cambridge paleoethnobotanist, combed historical records and archaeological reports on "the refuse of everyday life: seeds, animal bones, burnt tissue" to compile such recipes for A Taste of His tory: 10,000 Years of Food in Britain. Among her culinary delights: slott, a cod-roe dumpling; boiled samphire, id a plant growing in salt marshes; and blaanda bread, an unleavened oatmeal-and-barley staple resembling a flat scone.