National Geographic : 1960 Dec
How the United States Compares in Size to the Soviet Union Colossus of Eurasia, the U.S.S.R. stretches 6,000 miles from Polish border to Bering Sea. It engulfs the U. S. (superimposed), 81 million square miles to 3 '/2 million. This illustrative map covers exactly the same area as The Society's new 42-by-29' 2 -inch 10-color wall map of the Soviet Union and is drawn on the same projection. While the new lands have taken from the Ukraine its title "breadbasket of the U.S.S.R.," that region has become the heart of Soviet in dustry. Here is the rich Donets coal basin, and here rise iron, steel, chemical, and machine manufacturing cities. Other industrial centers feed upon the ore-rich Urals. Oil derrick symbols on the map sprinkle the eastern Ukraine, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, and Uzbekistan, where the Soviets have tapped new reserves. Another rich petroleum field lies between the Volga and the Urals. The Soviet goal for oil by 1965 is 4V million bar rels a day; the United States now produces 7 million barrels daily. A spreading web of oil and gas pipelines brings the power of these wells to Soviet cities. The world's longest oil pipeline stretches from the Volga to Lake Baykal-2,315 miles. Soviet plans call for 16,500 miles of oil and gas pipe lines by 1965. The United States already has some 700,000 miles of such lines. Rocket symbols printed in red on the map mark Russia's known intercontinental ballistic missile bases. Kapustin Yar, only 60 miles east of Stalingrad, and Aral'sk are test centers. Airports marked by red stars stud the map, indicating increased aerial communications in the U.S.S.R.-a land still limited in modern highways and railroads. Notice of change of address for your NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC should be received in the offices of the National Geographic Society by the first of the month to affect the following month's issue. For instance, if you desire the address changed for your February number, The Society should be notified of your new address not later than January first. Please give BOTH your 888 OLD and NEW addresses, including postal-zone number.