National Geographic : 1953 Oct
532 Peat Lies 10 Feet Deep in a Shetland Mi This man uses an L-shaped cutting spade. Since the tool lacks a foot rest, power must be supplied by the arms. street is a low locked door with a tablet on "Do you ke which is inscribed: "No, not nc There watered here the Hudson Bay Coy's We use tractor ships 1670-1891 The heavy 1 Captain Cook's vessels Resolution and Discovery caught my ev 1780 trolled. Sir John Franklin's ships Erebus and Terror on Te hi Arctic Exploration 1845 "The hurric Also the merchant vessels of former days. said our host. Well sealed up 1931. would you? A War years unstopped Login's Well, and it after it. Luck was found to be still full of pure water. Now A tractor-dri it is again sealed up. sawing up that A century and a half ago, 78 percent of home-grown til the Company were Orkneymen; but that is no gale on one of longer true. The most northern Company Hens official I ever met--it was on Herschel Island off Canada's Arctic coast-was Mr. James We passed Sinclair from the Orkney island of Burray. farmer disclair I met him again in Stromness. He shook are women's pi hands as if it were the most natural thing in 100 eggs a da, the world that our last encounter should have at Kirkwall. been on the edge of the polar sea, and kindly The farmhoi arranged for us to visit one of Orkney's most building. Th( up-to-date farms. labor-saving, w The farmer, a tall, kindly man of few words, "They never was waiting for us. He had the air of con- their men so tentment that seems characteristic of Orkney thanked our he people. Like most islanders, he owned his 260-acre farm. 4 '"That's big for an Orkney farm. isn't it?" we asked. "Yes. Most range from 30 to 50 acres upwards. Ours is a dairy farm, with 60 cows." He opened the door of a long byre: a line of plump cows, mostly Avrshires and Friesians, lay couched in stalls with a few calves. The ani mals remain indoors from (c tober to Mavy: soon they would he going to pasture. But they seemed in no hurry about itas they ruminated contentedly. "'How much milk do your cows yield?" 'About 145 gallons a day. It goes to the cheese factory at Kirkwall." "So Orkney makes its own cheese?" "Yes. We converted the old Air Force cinema into a cheese factory after the war." 'What sort of cheese?" "Oh, just cheese." "And your cows are milked odhn r,inn, by machines?" "Yes, and they're all T.B. oor tested. If they're not 100 per- cent clear, as the Shetlanders say their cows are, they're not far off it." ep horses?" w. Everything's mechanized. rs." byre door, of wood and iron, . It was automatically con ane storm blew it right in," "You wouldn't credit that, nd hurled a big concrete block :ily there were no casualties." ven ripsaw in a shed was noisily rarest of Orkney commodities, nber blown down in the recent the island's few woodlands. Are Women's Work from cows to poultry. The ned all credit for these: hens rovince. His wife sends about y to a big egg-packing station use itself is a plain two-storied e interior is mechanized and ith piped water and electricity. want for labor here, they treat well," Mr. Sinclair said as we ost and said goodbye.