National Geographic : 1957 Jun
818 Jean and Franc Shor, National Geographic Staff Cattle Get the Right-of-way over Cars as Herders Drive Through a Swiss Town These cows graze in the high mountains in summer, stay in barns during winter snows. In spring and fall, Pied Piper herdsmen collect the animals each morning, lead them to hillside pastures, and return them home at dusk. Cowbells chime in the crisp air as this procession moves through a village in Emmental region. It probably will never completely disappear from maps of Russia, even if its late owner should be further downgraded or forgotten. For example, the steel-producing city of Stalino in the Ukraine was named for the product, not for the former dictator. In East Germany the industrial city of Chemnitz, almost totally destroyed in World War II, has been renamed Karl Marx Stadt for the founder of Marxian socialism. One inset in the new MAP OF EUROPE shows how the Continent is split into Commu nist and non-Communist camps. Yugoslavia, a Communist country not behind the Soviet curtain, separates Albania from the other Russian satellites. An island in this Red sea is Berlin, where deep in Communist-held ter ritory Americans, British, and French ad minister the western part of the metropolis. The Dutch Win More Living Room Comparison of the new map with the one of Europe published by The Society in 1949 shows how the Netherlands has gained more land area. This resulted from the huge proj ect of draining IJsel Meer (Zuider Zee) and reclaiming the land for farms. Color shadings, contour lines, and depth figures explain the map's sea areas so clearly that one easily understands the statements of geologists that the Continent and the British Isles once were a single land mass. Many underwater features are indicated by name, such as Dogger Bank, the famous fish ing grounds in the North Sea. Soundings are given in fathoms. The shallow North Sea rests on the broad Continental Shelf, which, like the British Isles themselves, was part of the Continent. Large animals, migrating westward along with Stone Age man, once roamed a great plain that is now the southern part of the North Sea. Bones of Paleolithic and Neolithic man and of the rhinoceros, elephant, and hippo potamus have been found in England. Fish ermen on Dogger Bank still dredge up bones and teeth of mammoth, reindeer, and bear. European rivers once flowed through the basin now occupied by the North Sea. Outer Silver Pit is thought to be part of the ancient bed of the Rhine, which, joining the Thames to the southwest of Dogger Bank, flowed north into the Atlantic. With the end of the last Ice Age and the rise in sea level, the Strait of Dover came into being.