National Geographic : 1957 Sep
423 + Ivy-clad Chateau of Chavaniac Memorializes a Hero of Two Worlds Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert du Motier de La Fayette was born in the Chateau of Chava niac September 6, 1757. At the age of 19 he served as the youngest major general in the American Rev olution. A group of grateful Americans in 1916 purchased Chavaniac as a war orphanage. Today the chateau is a museum, and M. Convair (in beret) is the caretaker. Separate quarters house a sanitarium for French children. Lafayette in Bronze Stands in Le Puy The young Marquis returned from America an idol on both sides of the Atlantic. Throwing himself into his own country's revolution of 1789, he as sumed command of the National Guard of Paris. This statue and its inscription commemorate his speech to the revolutionary Commune on July 17. Holding aloft the Guard's new red, white, and blue rosette, his own design, he cried, "I bring you a cockade that will go around the world." - Auvergne, Lafayette's country, lies atop a massive plateau in south-central France.