National Geographic : 1918 Oct
246 THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE A few Russian women could be seen ; wearing Paris styles a little out of date or .- with their heads swathed in the shawl of the peasant matron, and from one of the o buildings there fluttered the Red Cross of < the "Union of Cities" hospital, but the S city was as Turkish as it had ever been. The signs on the street corners, strik ingly new in their blue and white, were ' printed in Russian. Those Russian let ters in such a city were as exotic as in the Russian Concession on the Yangtse r at Hankow. The veneer of Tsardom had been laid on over the Turkish city with out changing its character a particle. Yet a Russian could find his way to the Rus . wsian post-office by reading signs in the Russian language. f' RETREATING FROM THE TURKISH FRONT z That very day Russian soldats, freed from the yoke of autocracy by Tsar and bureaucracy and blindly assuming the at ' z tractive but heavier yoke of autocracy by the mob, were retreating in droves from < the Turkish front, so eager to abandon all dreams of conquest or defense of ter Q ritory in which they had no interest for o M one more visit with the home folks that w many rode on the roof of the military train through the bitter cold of winter, z 6,000 feet above the sea. The veneer of Russian greatness, an outside show which had caused even Ger z many to fear, has peeled off. A boister ous wave of popular unrest and revolu Stion, suddenly aware of Tsardom's weak k ness, but still lacking Tsardom's strength, r has swept from the barren steppes south . of the Caucasus to the dreary wastes of A Lapland, and from the Crimea to Man Z churia. If once that great sluggish mass is < roused to united action by the honeyed X words of German propagandists, not only I a will the patchwork republic of Lenine and Trotzky be disrupted, but Anglo <7 Saxon ascendancy in Asia may give way to Teutonic hegemony-a Pan-Turanian* 0 empire dominated by the militarism of Germany and led by the Timur and Attila of modern war. * The Pan-Turanian movement aspired to an Z aggressive union of Asiatic peoples, especially < the Ural-Altaic tribes. This menace to Indo Z European civilization received the active secret < support of German autocracy.