National Geographic : 1918 Nov
NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC SOCIETY HUBBARD MEMORIAL HALL SIXTEENTH AND M STREETS, WASHINGTON, D. C. O. H . TITTMANN GILBERT GROSVENOR . DIRE' JOHN OLIVER LA GORCE . A O. P . AUSTIN . 1916-1918 FRANKLIN K. LANE Secretary of the Interior \VILLIAM HOWARD TAFT Formerly President of the United States C. M. CHESTER Rear Admiral U. S . Navy, Formerly Supt. U. S . Naval Observatory FREDERICK V. COVILLE Formerly President of Wash ington Academy of Sci ences JOHN E. PILLSBURY Rear Admiral U. S. Navy, Formerly Chief Bureau of Navigation IIUDOIPH KAUFFMANN Managing Editor The Even ing Star T. L. MACDONALD M.D., F.A.C.S. S. N. D. NORTH Formerly Director U. S. Bu reau of Census PRESIDENT JOHN E. PILLSBI CTOR AND EDITOR JO GEORGE W. HUl SSOCIATE EDITOR WILLIAM J. SHO SECRETARY RALPH A. GRAV BOARD OF MANAGERS 1917-1919 ALEXANDER GRAHAM BELL Inventor of the telephone J. HOWARD GORE Prof. Emeritus Mathematics, The George Washington University A. W. GREELY Arctic Explorer, Major Gen'l U. S. Army GILBERT H. GROSVENOR Editor of National Geo graphic Magazine GEORGE OTIS SMITH Director of U. S. Geological Survey O. H. TITTMANN Formerly Superintendent of U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey HENRY WHITE Formerly U. S. Ambassador to France, Italy, etc. JOHN M. WILSON Brigadier General U. S. Army, Formerly Chief of Engineers URY . VICE-PRESIDENT )N . TREASURER rCHISON, ASSISTANT SECRETARY 'WALTER ASSISTANT EDITOR ES ASSISTANT EDITOR 1918-1920 CHARLES J. BELL President American Security and Trust Company JOHN Joy EDSON Chairman of the Board, Washington Loan & Trust Company DAVID FAIRCHILD In Charge of Agricultural Explorations, Department of Agriculture C. HART MERRIAM Member National Academy of Sciences O. P. AUSTIN Statistician GEORGE R. PUTNAM Commissioner U. S. Bureau of Lighthouses GORGE SIIRAS, 3D Formerly Member U. S. Con gress, Faunal Naturalist, and Wild-Game Photogra pher GRANT SQUIRES New York To carry out the purpose for which it was founded twenty-eight years ago, namely, "the increase and diffusion of geographic knowledge," the National Geographic Society publishes this Magazine. All receipts from the publication are invested in the Magazine itself or expended directly to promote geographic knowledge and the study of geography. Articles or photographs from members of the Society, or other friends, are desired. For material that the Society can use, adequate remuneration is made. Contributions should be accompanied by an addressed return envelope and postage, and be addressed: GILBERT GROSVENOR, EDITOR CONTRIBUTING EDITORS A. W. GREELY C. HART MERRIAM 0. H . TITTMANN ROBERT HOLLISTER CHAPMAN WALTER T. SWINGLE ALEXANDER GRAHAM BELL DAVID FAIRCHILD HUGH M. SMITH N. H. DARTON FRANK M. CHAPMAN Copyright, 1918, by National Geographic Society, Washington, D. C. All rights reserved. Entered at the Post-Office at Washington, D. C., as Second-Class Mail Matter. Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in Sec. 1103, Act of October 3, 1917, authorized July i, 1918.