National Geographic : 1920 May
COMMON MUSHROOMS OF THE UNITED STATES 407 Photograph by A. G . and B. Leeper THE EDIBLE BEEF-TONGUE MUSHROOM (Fistulina hepatica) Cap blood-red, pores (on under side of cap) creamy pink, this fungus grows on chestnut and oak stumps from distinct that it is not easily confounded with other species. natural size. THE HANDSOME VOLVARIA (Volva- CORAL ria speciosa). Edibility doubtful (See Color Plate V) Opinion as to the edible qualities of the "But tha Handsome Volvaria diverges considerably. tyro, seeing While some speak of it as "a fine edible agaric," like coral." others pronounce it "watery and unpleasant to It is true the taste," or even poisonous. Since the plant tiation into is somewhat variable, and therefore not clearly are, nevert separated, except by spore characters, from borne on tl the very poisonous Volvaria gloiocephala, it is With th( advisable to let it alone. sofarask Only recently Prof. W . C . Coker, of the taste is ag University of North Carolina, reported a and free fi variety of V. speciosa from the sand dunes a species ( of Smith Island, North Carolina. His plant are rather had spores larger than those of the type and regularly ir differed in other characters. Clavaria In the eastern United States it is of infre- long, brig quent occurrence, but on the Pacific coast, bloom, dar especially in California, it is so abundant dur- The interic ing April and May that one finds it wherever casionally the soil is rich with decaying vegetable matter. ously bent, The odor of the fresh plant is repellent, re- Clavarias sembling very markedly that of rancid lard. and conifel The Handsome Volvaria is gathered from (see illustr April to October; distribution, temperate Other ed North America, Europe, and North Africa. Clavaria b pink, flesh streaked with red and July to October. The plant is so The illustration is about one-half MUSHROOMS (Various species of Clavaria). Edible (Sec Color Plate V) t is not a mushroom !" exclaims the g his first Clavaria. "Why, it looks That these plants show no differen Scap, gills, tubes, or teeth, but they heless. true fungi, the spores being he exterior of the branches. Exception of a single species, all, nown, are good to eat, provided the reeable and the specimens are fresh rom insect attack. The exception is C. diclotoma) in which the branches thin, flaccid, whitish, and divided ito twos. fusiformis (see Color Plate V) is ht orange-yellow with a delicate k-tipped, and usually grows in tufts. r is solid at first, then hollow. Oc specimens are found that are vari twisted, or malformed. may be sought in both deciduous rous woods from July to September ation, page 412). lible species are Clavaria flava and otrytes.