National Geographic : 2019 Sep
FR ENGLISH SPANISH FRENCH ITALIAN PORTUGUESE TAGALOG 13 8 3 11 6 8 14 5 4 15 2 4 9 6 2 1 1 18 Cities EN EN EN EN TA TAFR PO PO SP SP IT IT TA TAFR FR PO POTA FREN EN EN PO PO ITFR EN EN EN EN SP ITFR PO FR FR ITSP SP PO EN EN SP FR TA ITPO EN PO PO FR EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN FR SP SP SP SP ITFR* PO PO ITITFR SP SP TA TA EN EN EN EN FR EN FR TA SP ITFR TA SP FR PO PO EN EN PO SPEN SP FR FR ITSP SPTA TA TAEN EN ENSP PO FRSP TAPO SPFR FR FRSP TAPOSPEN TAITPO ITPO PO SP SPIT ITTAPOEN TAEN POITSPFRTAEN TASPITFRPO FRENSPTAPOIT ITFRTAEN EN CARACASBRUSSELSLISBONST.PETERSBURGDALLASVANCOUVERRIODEJANEIROSÃOPAULOSANTIAGOSTOCKHOLMATLANTAMANILAPHOENIXMIAMITORONTOROMEAMSTERDAMISTANBULBANDUNGBARCELONAHOUSTONMILANMONTRÉALMOSCOWMEXICOCITYOSAKADETROITBUENOSAIRESSEOULNEWYORKPARISPHILADELPHIANAGOYABERLINJAKARTABANGKOKMADRIDWASHINGTONKUALALUMPURSANDIEGOSINGAPOREBOSTONDUBLINCHICAGOSANFRANCISCOTOKYOLOSANGELESMANCHESTERLONDONSYDNEY IT SP SP TA ITITEN PO SP SP SP SP EN FR FR SP TA TA FR ITITFR FR SP PO PO PO SP IT SP TA PO PO SP FR EN FR MOREINTEGRATEDMORESEGREGATED Most common languages are labeled in the ranking SPPO SP FR EN IT PO TA 10 7 7 3 6 3 Native language SEAN MCNAUGHTON. SOURCE: FABIO LAMANNA AND OTHERS, “IMMIGRANT COMMUNITY INTEGRATION IN WORLD CITIES,” PLOS ONE, 2018 Wealthier immigrant groups, such as English speakers in Rome, can self-segregate in specific areas. Toronto is marked by the highest degree of self- segregation, despite being among the study’s most linguistically diverse cities. In Dallas speakers of Tagalog (a Philippine language) form one of its smallest but most integrated immigrant communities. In more than half the cities studied, there are only a few language groups and higher numbers of self-segregated ethnic neighborhoods. Less integrated HOW THE MOST COMMON LANGUAGES INTEGRATE TWITTER TRAFFIC DOES NOT CAP- TURE POTENTIALLY LARGE GROUPS OF IMMIGRANTS WHO FAVOR OTHER SOCIAL MEDIA PLATFORMS. Speakers of the six most common languages in the Twitter study display a range of integration across major world cities whose native languages differ from their own. English speakers, for example, are highly segregated in 18 of the 50 cities shown. THE WORLD’S CITIES HAVE ALWAYS BEEN M ELTING POTS for immigrants. Do new- comers congregate in ethnic enclaves such as San Francisco’s Chinatown? Or do they scatter, getting fully absorbed into their new homes? To track integration, researchers took Twitter data from some 50 cities worldwide to identify language groups and their residential neighborhoods; findings were then compared with those of the city’s native-language speakers. By reading the Twitter patterns, researchers concluded that diverse and well-integrated immigrant communi- ties like those in London exist in less than half the cities studied. In the rest, the data show varying degrees of self-segregation, with immigrants who share the same language sticking together in the same part of the city.