National Geographic : 2013 Oct
Conflict Minerals 57 newly trained mining police to monitor the sites. Armed groups that were trading in tin, tantalum, and tungsten saw their profits drop by 65 percent. Congo’s mines were starting to clean up. We visited one “green,” or conflict-free, mine, in Nyabibwe, a mining center that stretches for miles in a valley not far from Lake Kivu. The mountainside was crawling with young, hulk- ing men wearing rags and headlamps, hammer- ing, digging, shoveling, scooping, scraping, and hauling away every possible speck of yellowish cassiterite rock, or tin ore. Their cheeks bulged with chunks of sugarcane for energy. It was an antlike army expending millions of calories and gallons of sweat to feed a vast and distant global industry. None of the men knew much about Dodd-Frank, and when asked about the regula- tions, most grumbled that the price of cassiterite was still too low. In Nyabibwe all of the easy-to-reach cassiterite was dug up long ago, so today’s miners must bore deep into the mountain, using only hammers and A woman left for dead faces a long recovery at a Hope in Action shelter in Goma. A 2007 study estimated that more than a million Congolese women have been raped at least once in their lifetime.