National Geographic : 2013 Aug
• lion-breeding ranches operated in the country, with a combined stock of more than 3,500 lions. Proponents argue that this industry may contribute to lion conservation by diverting trophy-hunt pressure from wild populations and by maintaining genetic diversity that could be needed later. Others fear it may undercut the economics of lion management in, say, Tanza- nia, by o ering cheaper and easier ways to put a lion head on your rec-room wall. And then there's the matter of what happens to the rest of the lion. e export of lion bones from South Africa to Asia, where they are sold as an alternative to tiger bones, constitutes a dangerous trend that surely increases demand. Bottom line: Lion conservation is an intricate enterprise that must now reach across borders, across oceans, and across disciplines to confront a global market in dreams of the wild. at home, among people for whom the sublime and terrifying wildness of a lion is no dream. One set of such people are the Maasai who inhabit group Sukuma in western Tanzania traditionally killed lions in defense of their cattle or village, dancing to claim tributes as thanks. Some Sukuma now kill innocent lions to claim the rewards.