National Geographic : 2012 Nov
SierraMaestra Grupo Sagua-Baracoa Cayo Coco GRANMA LAS TUNAS SANTIAGO DE CUBA CAMAGUEY CIEGO DE AVILA GUANTANAMO HOLGUIN SANCTI SPIRITUS B A BAHAMAS Holguín Bayamo Guant´anamo Santiago de Cuba Las Tunas Camag¨uey Ciego de Ávila Moa Manzanillo Remedios Guardalavaca Sancti Spíritus ZARUBEZHNEFT (Russia): drilling November 2012 U.S. NAVAL STATION GUANTANAMO BAY EQUATOR VENEZUELA CUBA ATLANTIC OCEAN CANADA U.S. MEXICO 1,104,679 68% in Florida 1,002,318 85% Cuban Americans = 5,000 emigrants (total for most recent data available, 2007-2011) = 5,000 tourists (2011 figures) United States Spain Germany Pakistan Mexico Venezuela Italy Canada Kuwait Haiti 92,583 605,354 101,631 95,124 76,326 34,096 110,432 18,265 13,050 12,108 9,621 9,569 8,865 6,258 4,951 Nickel A joint Canadian- Cuban venture sends nickel, now Cuba's largest export commodity, from mines in Holguín to refineries in Alberta. Sugar Once a cash crop, sugar is now a negligible export. A 2002 effort to tighten productivity resulted in abandoned mills, fields of weeds, and a 66 percent drop in output. 2010 Sugar cultivation area Cuban nationals abroad and tourists by country of origin MARTIN GAMACHE, NGM STAFF; ALEXANDER STEGMAIER AND JUAN JOSÉ VALDÉS, NG MAPS SOURCES: CUBAN NATIONAL STATISTICS OFFICE; FAO; U.S. CENSUS; U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION; UN STATISTICS DIVISION; DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH CENTRE ON MIGRATION, GLOBALISATION AND POVERTY; MIGRATION POLICY INSTITUTE; EMILIO MORALES AND JOE SCARPACI, HAVANA CONSULTING GROUP; ARCH RITTER, CARLETON UNIVERSITY; JORGE R. PIÑON, UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS AT AUSTIN; MODIS LAND COVER, NASA LP DAAC CAN CUBA STAY AFLOAT? Hampered by the U.S. embargo and the collapse of the U.S.S.R. in 1991, Cuba's economy has floundered. Today it is precariously propped up by Venezuelan aid. Production of sugar---and most agricultural and industrial products--- has plummeted since the 1959 revolution. Its best hope for growth: oil, nickel---and people. Tourism is up, along with cash sent to residents from abroad.