National Geographic : 2012 May
• the Library of Alexandria, a gleaming, modern facility that opened in 2002 a short distance from the site of its Ptolemaic predecessor, the most signi cant library of ancient times. Visi- tors enter the main building through large glass doors, then pass through a metal detector. We see people of many backgrounds and ideologies, including women in black niqabs and men in the white galabias and long beards that o en signify hard-line fundamentalist beliefs. A woman wear- ing a hijab, the type of veil that covers the hair and leaves the face exposed, is doing research on Shakespeare, and a young Egyptian man in a aming pink T-shirt has come to download games and movies, including an action lm, e Fast and the Furious. As visitors collect their backpacks and metal objects from the scanner, they stand under a towering abstract sculpture of a nude woman. e sculpture, called "Hypatia," has been cut from slabs of steel and shows the outline of a graceful woman with full breasts. It is named a er a female mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher of ancient Alexandria. A placard on A boy with a toy gun peers at passing street scenes from a car window in Alexandria. Egyptians have high expectations now and want elected leaders to provide the young with greater opportunities.