National Geographic : 2012 Mar
• Islamization of the city's largely working-class population---and not only those issus de l'immigration. "I think that Muslim culture is de nitively taking over the lower levels of society," says Michèle Teboul, of CRIF. " ere are many mixed marriages with Muslims." " at's real integration," I say. " at depends," says Teboul. "It depends if there is a mixture of the two cultures and not one culture gaining the upper hand over an- other," she says. In France, as she sees it, the institutionalization of secularism and the prev- alence of political correctness have weakened the value systems in society and left people without any strong sense of tradition. "Loving your homeland, loving your country, having val- ues---whether religious or other---has been put aside by the politically bien-pensant, and that has helped to break up families that no longer have points of reference, especially those that are underprivileged." Islam, says Teboul, o ers a structure to the lives of many people who feel they are adri . "I'm convinced of that," she says. Many young Muslim men and women would be surprised to hear of Teboul's concerns. Hold- ing on to Islamic traditions seems a lost cause, or a pointless one, to those who live in a hybrid world of mixed cultures. eir political voice is minimal. An old guard descended from earlier waves of immigrants dominates the local political machines. Italian names abound; Arab ones do not. At the national level almost all of the Mus- lims that Paris will listen to on Muslim issues, when it listens at all, were not born in France.