National Geographic : 2012 Jan
' THE GLOBAL TOLL Cheap and easy to deploy, land mines continue to pose a threat decades a er con icts end. More than 82,000 people were reported killed or injured by land mines and explosive remnants of war in 117 countries and regions between 1999 and 2010, according to the International Campaign to Ban Landmines. To date, 157 countries are party to a 1997 treaty to ban develop- ment, stockpiling, transfer, or use of land mines; 39 nations, including the United States, have yet to join the accord. NGM MAPS SOURCE: INTERNATIONAL CAMPAIGN TO BAN LANDMINES CLUSTER MUNITION COALITION 1997 MINE BAN TREATY Party to the treaty Not party to the treaty Ineligible to join REPORTED NUMBER OF PEOPLE KILLED OR INJURED by land mines and explosive remnants of war, 1999--2010 Circles indicate casualties greater than a hundred PAKISTAN Gaza Strip & West Bank SRI LANKA CHAD ETHIOPIA MYANMAR (BURMA) VIETNAM DEM. REP. OF THE CONGO TURKEY IRAN BURUNDI NEPAL LEBANON ERITREA NAMIBIA THAILAND BOSN. & HERZG. KOSOVO PHILIPPINES MOZAMBIQUE ALBANIA GEORGIA ARMENIA AZERBAIJAN UGANDA SENEGAL TAJIKISTAN ALGERIA NIGER EGYPT CROATIA POLAND Western Sahara GUINEA- BISSAU UKRAINE YEMEN RWANDA BELARUS SERBIA ZIMBABWE GREECE 108 IRAQ 5,344 LAOS ANGOLA CAMBODIA 7,830 INDIA AFGHANISTAN 14,139 RUSSIA SOMALIA SUDAN* *Includes South Sudan As of October 2011, Marshall Islands and Poland have signed but not yet ratified the treaty.