National Geographic : 1968 Apr
Fearless firemen, children in gleaming helmets join a parade in Eindhoven's pre-Lenten carnival. In a three-day revel, costumed crowds surge through the streets, and dancing lasts until dawn. Such carnivals flourish in the Roman Catholic south, but find little favor in sedate northern provinces. In wing collars and old lace, couples perform in the "Farmers Wedding," a carnival theme unique to the town of Venlo. Bouquets of kale emphasize rusticity. Drawn in a carriage, the young people ride crowded streets to the town hall, where the burgomaster solemnly "marries" them, and townsfolk toast their happiness. All nose and mouth, a clown ca vorts at the carnival in Eindhoven. ships and barges, and by night berthed quietly in some interesting city like Dordrecht, Nij megen, or Gouda.* In Dordrecht we wandered narrow streets where buildings lean toward each other at picturesque angles. In Haarlem, at the Frans Hals Museum, we viewed 16th- and 17th century paintings by candlelight. In the town's 15th-century Church of St. Bavo, where Hals lies buried, we listened to a recital on the 5,000-pipe organ that Mozart had played in 1766, when he was ten. Colorful history, quaint old towns, and adventurous seamen and merchants have left a great heritage in Holland. Palaces, castles, churches, fine buildings, superb art, marvel ous museums-all these abound. But the dis cerning also visit the new marvels, and one of those most worth seeing is the Philips 568 "Evoluon" at the North Brabant city of Eindhoven. Philips is one of the world's leading elec tronics firms, so well known internationally that people in other lands sometimes overlook its Dutch origin. It first opened its doors in Eindhoven more than three-quarters of a century ago. Today Philips is Eindhoven: Almost half the adult work force of the city is employed by the company. "Evoluon" Lauds Man and Machine It all began when Dr. Gerard Philips set up a small business back in the 1890's to manu facture incandescent electric lamps, and his *Life on the canals of Europe was described in the GEOGRAPHIC in "Inside Europe Aboard Yankee," by Irving and Electa Johnson, August, 1964, and "Paris to Antwerp With the Water Gypsies," by David S. Boyer, October, 1955.