National Geographic : 1968 Jun
COURTESYKUNSTHISTORISCHES MUSEUM.VIENNA Gem-splashed helmet, the 1,000-year-old crown of the Holy Roman emperors glows on display in the Hofburg. Habsburgs ruled the Holy Roman Empire intermittently over a period of 533 years, until its dissolution in 1806. Solomon symbolizes wisdom. Pinnacle of elegance: Viennese and their guests gather in the Great Gallery, showroom of Schonbrunn. The 150-foot-long hall epitomizes the baroque style in all its glory, with parquet floors, cream-and gilt walls, bronze chandeliers, and magnificent ceiling frescoes. Aus trians entertain here only on state occasions, such as this reception for the International Congress of Jurists; normally the room is open to the public. Death chamber of a Napoleon: Rich tapestries line Sch6nbrunn's Napoleon Room, where the emper or's only legitimate son died in 1832. Born of Napoleon's second wife, the Habsburg Archduchess Marie Louise,the young Bonaparte grew up in Vienna, to succumb to tuberculosis at 21. His father took up a conqueror's residence in Sch6nbrunn in 1805 and again in 1809. Ironically, the Congress of Vienna met in this palace in 1815, when diplomats redrew European boundaries after Napoleon's final defeat at Waterloo.