National Geographic : 1968 Jun
EKTACHROME(ABOVE)BY JOHNLAUNOIS,BU Robert Schumann and Johannes Brahms. In the world's richest museum of arms and ar mor, experts are restoring 725 precious items sent here after the 1966 flood in Florence. The matchless drawings and etchings in the graphics collection called the Albertina-a million in all-include masterpieces by Diirer, Rembrandt, and Michelangelo. The National Library boasts 100,000 Egyptian papyri and two Gutenberg Bibles. In the museum of ethnology I saw the only surviving feather headdress from the realm of Montezuma. Acquired by Cortes, it is here because a Habsburg once ruled colonizing Castile. The Hofburg's most glittering muse um, the Imperial Treasury, guards the crown of the Holy Roman Empire. Habsburgs wore it off and on during 533 years (page 772). Vienna supports 39 museums in all, includ ing the rooms where Beethoven lived and the one where Schubert was born; a clock museum; and a magnificent museum of the armed forces. My heart was warmed especial ly by the museum of technology and its evi dence of Austrian inventiveness. Here is the earliest practical ship's screw (Josef Ressel, 1827) and one of the world's first gasoline powered cars (Siegfried Marcus, 1874). In this sphere Austria still is a leader. Al ready a fourth of the world's steel is made by a new Austrian process, and Dr. Ernst Rothauser, working for IBM in Vienna, re cently developed an attachment that converts computer output into spoken words.