National Geographic : 1913 Apr
curing diseases among the In dians in their employ. Very few Peruvians are properly vacci nated. STRANGE MODE O VACCINATION The Indians believe that vacci nation with pus from the lesions of a patient who has died with smallpox confers immunity from the disease. They practice this sort of vaccination, with the re sult that many who are thus in oculated die from the disease. There is no attempt made to isolate the smallpox or typhoid patients. Neighbors mingle freely in the huts where the diseases exist, and at the funeral of the dead they have feasts in which every one partakes, many using common cups and dishes. The clothes of the dead are washed in the same stream from which the people in the villages get their drinking water. There are no windows in the highland huts, and there is no attempt at clean liness in the dark interiors. Of course, fumigation is unknown and vermin abound. On many of the large plan tations conditions are better. There the owners of the estates vaccinate their Indian tenants co and laborers. In some of the After villages a priest will vaccinate a the pl few during his annual or semi- cathedr annual visit, so that some do get emphas the benefit of protection from this rel smallpox. In the cities, on the The to other hand, while many are vac- lath. ] cinated, there are many who are safe to not, so that even in Cuzco small pox was raging during our stay; and, furthermore, practically no attempt was being made at isolation or any other measure to prevent the spread of the epidemic. Notwithstanding many hardships and the presence of a considerable amount of illness in southern Peru, all the mem bers of our party worked hard and faith fully, and the general results of the ex pedition were highly satisfactory. Photo by Hiram Bingham RPUS CHRISTI PROCESSION: LIMA, PERU Benediction had been given on the corner of iza, the procession moved slowly toward the al. The "conflict of old and new" is vividly ized in this picture, where the repair wagon of ley line is seen at the right only a few feet from igious procession so redolent of the middle ages. wers of the cathedral are made of plaster and [n this land of earthquakes it was not considered build them of stone. RESULTS ACHIEVED BY THE EXPEDITION The work actually accomplished may be grouped under the following heads: (i) Machu Picchu; its archeology and osteology, and the topography and for estration of the surrounding region (see pages 402 to 517). (2) The Cuzco region; its geology, osteology, and topography, with special reference to the age of its vertebrate re mains (see pages 490 to 506).