National Geographic : 1933 Sep
(g)National Geographic society Natural ColornPhotograph by Wilhelm Tobien ROTTERDAM: THE FIRST SEAPORT OF THE NETHERLANDS Little remains in this busy maritime city of a half million to recall a romantic past. Yet it was the birthplace ofthe famous scholar, Erasmus, and in 1572 was the scene of epic conflict between the Spanish Duke of Alva and William de la Marck's "Beggars ofthe Sea" (see Color Plate VI). Learning that the Dutch had captured Briel (Brielle), the Spaniard recalled his troops from Utrecht tolaunch an attack. But the defenders opened the sluices here, flooding the country, and forced the invaders to march along the top of a dike, where they were exposed toawithering fire.