National Geographic : 1949 May
JUbZ re)lO AeSein S 11'111s CH CK Hsi ar Jobs Are Scarce in Berlin. This Couple Halts Its Hunt to Eat Lunch by the Roadside Near the Brandenburg Gate they rest on their small wagon and open briefcase and vacuum bottle for a frugal snack. Occasional hauling jobs earn them tiny sums. For the man, aged and ill from years in a concen tration camp, there is little hope of steady employ menrt. Many Berlin industries closed when Russia's blockade cut off their supplies. Serious unemploy ment even among the able-bodied resulted. Most jobless get unemployment compensation; special cases are helped by welfare agencies. Re lief payments are in money rather than goods or food; Operation Vittles stocks markets with basic requirements. Berlin's food situation improved so greatly in January, the first all-winter month of airlift opera tions, that "eats" were reduced to make more room for fuel, clothing, and building materials. Though blockade problems are thorny, Military Government authorities feel that Russia's blockade is doomed to failure. As one of the most heartening signs of the peo ple's spirit, officials point to the city election of December 5, 1948, when Berlin voted overwhelm ingly for Western policies.