National Geographic : 1978 Jul
funeral pyre, would have been placed upon the grave following the burial. Finally, as I have related, we opened the tomb and entered. What emotions and as tonishments fell pell-mell upon us! As in other barrel-vaulted tombs found in Macedon, the main chamber, in this case 4.46 meters square, was linked with the somewhat smaller antechamber by marble doors hung from bronze bolts. The funerary objects had been placed on either side of the sarcophagus. In front of it lay scattered remains of one or more pieces of wooden furniture. Among these frag ments of what may have been a wooden bed, we found sheets of ivory. These perhaps had formed an ornamental band on one side of the bed. From the same side, or possibly from a wooden box laid on the bed, had fall en a decoration of ivory-and-gold human figurines only about 15 centimeters tall, judging from the intact heads, which mea sured two centimeters high. Personal belongings of the deceased came to light: his body armor, sandals, greaves (leg armor), sword, scepter, and-most sig nificant-his regal diadem, or headband. These had probably fallen off the bed as the wood decayed. STANDING with my back to the door of the chamber, I saw in the left rear corner a cluster of bronze vases, and by the right wall another group, most of them silver. With the vases we also found the dead man's armor and weapons: a shield, points of spears and javelins one spearpoint still stuck in the wall-as well as the first Macedonian iron helmet ever found. Near it lay a beautiful sword in a sheath of ivory and wood. The body armor, or corselet, and shield Touched by sunlight after two millennia, the facade of the tomb bears a time dimmed fresco across its entablature. The barely visible painting depicts three hunters with spears andfive horsemen with dogs pursuing their prey, wild boars and lions. This and three other paintings discovered in the adjacent tomb are among the few extant examples of fourth-century B.C. Greek frescoes.