National Geographic : 1988 Apr
The fertile south, populated by the Baganda and other Bantu-speaking peoples, was highly developed. Kampala swelled on a tide of eco- nomic activity based on agricultural riches: Cotton, coffee, and tea exports earned foreign exchange that repaid the farmers with roads, schools, hospitals, and manufactured goods. Southerners made good livings as business- men, bureaucrats, and professionals. In the north, where the land is poorer, de- velopment was slower. To make up for this, and to take advantage of the Nilotic tradition of warriorhood, the British recruited north- erners into the army and police. Thus both groups had avenues for advancement. But the dream of independence became a nightmare of insecurity, brutality, and eco- nomic collapse. Milton Obote, of the northern Langi people, was elected prime minister. He FIGHTING AN EPIDEMIC of ignorance along with the disease, Ugandan and World Health Organization officials train labora- t01y technicians from remote districts to help prevent AIDS (called «slim" by most Ugandans for the victims' symptomatic weight loss) . Collecting data for a regional AIDS survey, workers with the Institute of Public Health at Makerere University interview Ugandans about their sexual habits and take blood for tests (left and bottom). The blood is sent to the Uganda Virus Research Institute in Entebbe (below) for analysis . They also distribute educational leaflets and counsel Ugandans to «Love Carefully." AIDS has been reported in evelY district of Uganda, although Kampala and areas west of Lake Victoria are hardest hit.