National Geographic : 2009 Jul
KULEN HILLS Srah Srang Roluos Puok Siem Reap North Baray Roluos Baray East Baray Tonle Sap SPILLWAY DAM Thnal Toteung (modern) Siem Reap (modern) Kompong Phluk (modern) Phnom Bakheng Bayon Baphuon Preah Khan Ta Prohm Prasat Kravan Ta Keo Banteay Samre Phnom Bok Phnom Dei Banteay Srei Chau Srei Vibol Kbal Spean Phimeanakas Roluos Group East Mebon Neak Pean Lolei Bakong Pre Rup Angkor Thom Angkor Wat FLOODED RICE FIELDS RICE FIELDS RICE FIELDS FOREST FLOODED FOREST N LIFE IN A SEA OF RICE On raised ground between fields, Angkor residents built timber houses on stilts. They planted palms and other trees to provide shade, fruit, and fronds for annual roof replacement. Ponds collected water during the wet season; during dry months water from the main canals fed the fields. Each community had a shrine (at bottom left), where priests may have helped mediate water use. ART BY STEVE COWDEN. INSET ART BY TOM CHANDLER AND MICHAEL LIM, MONASH UNIVERSITY M. BRODY DITTEMORE AND LISA R. RITTER, NG STAFF. BASE MAP DATA BY DAMIAN EVANS, UNIVERSITY OF SYDNEY, AND CHRISTOPHE POTTIER, FRENCH SCHOOL OF ASIAN STUDIES EFEO CONSULTANT: ROLAND FLETCHER, UNIVERSITY OF SYDNEY SOURCES: EFEO; GREATER ANGKOR PROJECT, A COLLABORATION OF APSARA, EFEO, AND UNIVERSITY OF SYDNEY SCALE VARIES IN THIS PERSPECTIVE. LENGTH OF EAST BARAY IS 4.5 MI 7.2 KM . SACRED SOURCE The Kulen Hills sheltered the headwaters of the Siem Reap River and were quarried for rock to build Angkor's temples. The hills were logged for timber and firewood and to clear land for farming; deforestation may have caused floods that choked some of Angkor's canals with sand and silt.