National Geographic : 1888 Oct
86 National Geographic Magazine. method, and it might be inferred that the former work is better controlled than the latter. I do not judge, however, that this is the case, owing to the fact that traverse stations are not of as much value for purposes of location as those by intersection. The latter are selected points. The former are not selected points, but on the contrary, a large proportion of them are located simply for carrying forward the line and are of no further service, and very few of them are such as would be fitted for the purpose of controlling areas. Within the area surveyed by traverse nearly every mile of road has been run. With the exception of those in the cities, nearly every house and every church in the commonwealth has been located, either by intersection with the plane table or by traverse. The organization of the surveying parties has been of the sim plest character. Plane table work has been carried on by one man with an assistant, the latter doing little more than attend the plane tabler and assist him in carrying the instruments. Each of these little plane table parties was furnished with a horse and buggy for transportation. The organization for traverse work has been equally simple, consisting of a traverse man and a rodman. As a horse and buggy would be an impediment in this work, this feature of the outfit has been omitted. In the mixed work the traverse men have been under the immediate control of the plane tabler, so that their movements have been directed by him in de tail. The average output per working day of the plane tabler has been for the whole survey 3.1 sq. miles, and of the traverse man 2.8 sq. miles, and, as the expenses of the former have been slightly greater than those of the latter, the cost per square mile of the two methods of work has been substantially the same. The average cost per square mile of the survey of the State has been a trifle less than $13. This includes the salaries of all men engaged upon the work during the field season, their traveling, subsistence and all other expenses, the salaries of the men engaged in drawing the maps in the office, the cost of supervision and of disbursement,-in short all expenses of whatever character, in curred in the production of the map.