National Geographic : 1890 Aug
280 National Geographic Magazine. many names are entirely altered by the misplacement of this "stress." 7. Every letter is pronounced. When two vowels come to gether, each one is sounded, though the result, when spoken quickly, is sometimes scarcely to be distinguished from a single sound, as in ai, au, ei. 8. Indian names are accepted as spelt in Hunter's Gazetteer. The amplification of the rules is given below : Letters. Pronunciation and Remarks. Examples. a ah, a as in father .-. --- ----- --- Java, Banana, Somali, Bari. e eh, e as in benefit--------------- Tel-el-Kebir, Ole1eh, Yezo, Medina, Levika, Peru. i English e; i as in ravine ; the sound of ee in beet._Thus, not Feejee, but Fiji, Hindi. o oasinmote.-- -- .--- -- --- -- . Tokio. u long u as in flute; the sound of oo in b oot.. . .... Thus, not Zooloo, but Zulu, Sumatra. All vowels are shortened in sound by Yarra, Tanna, Mecca, Jidda, doubling the following consonant. Bonny. Doubling of a vowel is only necessary Nuulua, Oosima. where there is a distinct repetition of the single sound. ai English i as in ice. ----- --------- Shanghai. au ow as in how Thus, not Foochow, but Fuchau. ao is slightly different frpm above Macao. ei is the sound of the two Italian vowels, Beirut, Beilfil. but is frequently slurredover, when it is scarcely to be distinguished from ey in the English they. b English b. c is always soft, but is so nearly the Celebes. sound of s that it should be seldom used. If Celebes were not already recognized it would be written Selebes. ch is always soft as in church --------- Chingchin. d English d. f English f. ph should not be used for the sount off Thus, not Haiphong, but lHaifong, Nafa. g is always hard. (Soft g is given by j)_ Galapagos. h is always pronounced when inserted. j English j. Dj should never be put Japan, Jinchuen. for this sound. i k English c. It should always be put for the hard c.Thus, not Corea,but Korea. kh The Oriental guttural . -- - Khan. gh is another guttural, as in the Turkish Dagh, Ghazi. 1 m As in English. n ng has two separate sounds, the one hard as in the English wordfinger, the other as in singer. As these two sounds are rarely employed in the same locality, no attempt is made to distinguish between them.
1891 Mar 28