National Geographic : 1890 Aug
262 National GeographicMagazine. Land Office. All these bureaus or departments gave their assent except the Post Office Department and the General Land Office ; but we may hope that these departments will eventually be rep resented, when the practical usefulness of the board has been demonstrated by its decisions. There are three, perhaps four classes of cases that cause the most trouble in geographic names. In the first class, those cases where we are certain of the name itself-that is, we agree in the pronunciation, but disagree in the orthography; in the second class, where there is no question as to the orthography, but where there is a question as to what name should be used-that is, several names are given to the same point, to the same body of water, or to the same island ; in the third class, where there is no question as to the name or the orthography, but a question as to the place to which the name applies-that is, there is no dispute as to the name, but it is applied to different places ; this class is sometimes modified by questions as to the geographical limits to which a name applies-that is to say, the area to be indicated by the name ; for instance, some body of water or a range of moun tains, and may be designated a fourth class. To cite a few instances of these classes : we have the question of Wood's "Hole" and Wood's " Holl;" for many years it was called Wood's Hole, recently it would seem to be the conclusion that it should be called Wood's Holl ; we formerly had " Hurl" Gate, and now "Hell" Gate ; "Princess" Bay was at one time spelled "Prince's " Bay, the error arising, doubtless, from the pronunciation; we also have "Body's" Island or "Bodies" Island; we have a peculiar case on the North Carolina coast, "Pamplico" Sound has generally been used, now we have "Pamlico" Sound, legalized by the State legislature; on the coast of Virginia we have the case of "Metomkin," which has frequently been written " Metompkin " and "Matomkin ;" in California we have Point Conception, whether, it should be spelled with the "c," or with the " t," in the last syllable ; we also have "Point Boneta" or "Bonita ;" should Yaquina be spelledwithone"n"ortwo("nn");CoosBay,with"k"or "c." This name, I understand, is sometimes pronounced "Co-os," as though it had two syllables; if the spelling of this name was governed by the rules of the Royal Geographical Society the "K" would be used for the hard "C," but "Coos" has been adopted by the State legislature and will probably be retained.
1891 Mar 28