National Geographic : 1891 Mar 28
The Scourge of Revolution. country. The hope for the future is that the English, German, and French population will increase and become permanently identified with the country; they will then take an active interest in politics and direct the policy and administration of the gov ernment. Commercial and banking business is in the hands of the French, Germans, and English. The Italians carry on a small trade at corner groceries and fruit stores; the French keep the hotels and restaurants; the English and Germans are the ship pers, merchants and bankers. Regular lines of English, French, and German steamers run from Europe to Panama and thence along the western coast of South America, stopping at ports en route; some return by Panama, others sail around Cape Horn to Europe by Buenos Ayres and Rio Janeiro. Other lines run direct from Europe to Brazil, and twenty-four lines connect Europe and the Argentine Republic; while there are only four lines of American steamers trading to South America. BRAZIL. We have given a general description of South America, but three countries-Brazil, the Argentine Republic and Peru require further notice : Brazil, because it is the largest country, occupying three-sevenths of South America, and the only con siderable state that was not settled by the Spaniards ; the Argen tine Republic, because it is the largest and most populous of the Spanish states and, with Peru, illustrates the political and finan cial phases through which the Spanish republics have passed. The valley of the Amazon makes Brazil the most fertile region of the world. The tropical woods are so thick and the creepers and undergrowth so luxuriant that animal life is almost entirely confined to the trees above and the waters below. The valley is not unhealthy, and, though under the equator, the climate is tempered by the trade winds and the evaporation from the vast Amazonian waters. Beyond the valley is the montafia district, where the land is higher and the climate semi-tropical, where there are few creepers, little underbrush, and open forests, and where both animal and vegetable life is less abundant. Southward, beyond the montafia district, are the evergreen pam pas, where no trees grow and where the animal and vegetable life are unlike either that of the valley of the Amazon or that of the 3-NAT. GEOG. MAG., VOL. III, 1891.
1891 Apr 1