National Geographic : 1891 May 29
Previous Attempts to Scale St. Elias. The camp hands were John Dalton, Joseph Woods, and several Indian packers.* From Icy bay the expedition proceeded inland, for about six teen miles, in a line leading nearly due north, toward the summit of Mount St. Elias. The highest point reached, 7,200 feet, was on the foot-hills of the main range now called the Karr hills. The time occupied by the expedition, after leaving Icy bay, was nine or ten days. So far as known, no systematic surveys were carried on. An interesting account of this expedition appeared in Seton Karr's book, " The Shores and Alps of Alaska." Many observa tions on the glaciers and moraines of the region explored are recorded in this work. The map published with it has been used in compiling the western portion of the map forming plate 8, where the route of the expedition is indicated. Another ac count, especially valuable for its records of scientific observations, by Professor Libbey, was published by the American Geographic Society. The Guyot, Agassiz and Tyndall glaciers, the Chaix hills, and Lake Castani received their names during this expedi tion. Lieutenant Schwatka's graphic and entertaining account of this expedition, published in The Century Magazine for April, 1891, gives many details of the exploration and illustrates many of the characteristic features of southern Alaska. TOPHAM EXPEDITION, 1888. An expedition conducted by Messrs. W. H. and Edwin Topham, of London, George Broka, of Brussels, and William Williams, of New York, was made in 1888. Like the Times expedition, it had for its main object the ascent of Mount St. Elias. Icy bay was reached, by means of canoes from Yakutat bay, on July 13, and an inland journey was made northward which * The accounts of this expedition are as follows: Report from Lieutenant Schwatka in the New York Times, October 17,1886; Some of the Geograph ical Features of Southeastern Alaska, by William Libbey, Jr., in Bull. Am. Geog. Soc., 1886, pp. 279-300; Shores and Alps of Alaska, by H. W. Seton Karr, London, 1887, 8, pp. L -XCV, 142-148; The Alpine Regions of Alaska, by Lieutenant Seton-Karr, in Proc. Roy. Geog. Soc., vol. IX, 1887, pp. 269 285; The Expedition of "The New York Times" (1886), by Lieutenant Schwatka, in The Century Magazine, April, 1891, pp. 865-872.
1892 Feb 19