National Geographic : 1891 May 29
70 I. C. Russell-Expedition to Mount S t . Elias, It will be seen from the account of the exploration carried on last summer that Mount St. Elias is composed of stratified rocks, with no indication of volcanic origin; and these reports of erup tion must consequently be considered erroneous. The low country between Mount St. Elias and the sea is de scribed by Tebenkof as a tundra covered with forests and grass; "through cracks in the gravelly soil, ice could be seen beneath." More recent knowledge shows that this statement also is errone ous. The adjacent ocean is stated to be shallow, with shelving bottom; at a distance of half a verst, five to twelve fathoms were obtained, and at two miles from land, thirty to forty fathoms (of seven feet). The Pimpluna rocks are said to have been discovered in 1779 by the Spanishcaptain Arteiga. They were also seen in 1794 by the helmsman Talin, in the ship Orel, and named after his vessel. These observations are interesting, and indicate that possibly there may be submerged moraines in the region where these rocks are reported to exist. Many other observations are recorded concerning the moun tains and the bays in the vicinity of Yakutat. While of interest to navigation and to geographers, these have no immediate con nection with the region explored during the recent expedition. UNITED STATES COAST AND GEODETIC SURVEY, 1874,* 1886.t The surveys carried on in 1874 by the United States Coast Survey on the shores of Alaska embraced the region about Yakutat bay. They were conducted by W. H. Dall and Marcus Baker. Besides the survey of the coast-line, determinations were made of the heights and positions of several mountain peaks between Glacier bay and Cook inlet. Dall's account of this survey contains a brief sketch of previous explorations and a summary of the measurements of the higher peaks of the region. This material has been used on another page in discussing the height of Mount St. Elias. Besides the geographic data gathered by the United States Coast Survey, many observations were made on geology and on the glaciers of. the region about Yakutat.bay and Mount St. Elias. Exception must be taken, in the light of more recent * Appendix No. 10, Report of the Superintendent of the U. S. Coast Sur vey for the year 1875: Washington,. 1878, pp. 157-188. t Pacific Coast Pilot, Alaska, part 1: Washington, 1883, p. 212 .
1892 Feb 19