National Geographic : 1891 May 29
Early English Explorations. grave." The harbor is described in the narrative of Dixon's voyage as being " entirely surrounded by low, flat islands, where scarcely any snow could be seen, and well sheltered from any winds whatever." The voyage of the Queen Charlotte was not made for the pur pose of increasing geographic knowledge, but with a commercial object. Trade was at once opened with the natives, but resulted less favorably than was desired, as only sixteen sea-otter skins and a few less valuable furs were secured. On the chart accompanying the narrative of Dixon's voyage the inlet now known as Yakutat bay is named "Admiralty bay." A survey of the adjacent shores and inlets was made, and the astronomical position of the anchorage was approximately de termined. The map resulting from these surveys, the first ever made of any portion of Yakutat bay, is reproduced on a reduced scale as plate 4. At the time of Dixon's voyage, the inhabitants numbered about seventy, including men, women, and children, and were thus described: " They are of about middle size, their limbs straight and well shaped, but, like the rest of the inhabitants we have seen on the coast, are par ticularly fond of painting their faces with a variety of colors, so that it is not any easy matter to discover their real complexion." An amusing instance is narrated of inducing a woman to wash her face, when it was discovered that " Her countenance had all the cheerful glow of an English milk maid, and the healthy red which flushed her cheeks was even beautifully con trasted with the whiteness of her neck; her eyes were black and spark ling; her eyebrows the same color, and most beautifully arched; her forehead so remarkably clear that the transparent veins were seen mean dering even in their.minutest branches-in short, she was what would be reckoned as handsome even in England. The symmetry of her features, however, was marred, at least in the eyes of her English admirer, by the habit of wearing a labret in the slit of her lower lip." During our recent visit to Port Mulgrave we did not find the native women answering to the glowing description of the voy ager who discovered the harbor; but this may be owing to the fact that we did not prevail upon any of them to wash their faces. One other discrepancy must be noted between the records of Dixon's voyage and my own observations, made one hundred 10-NAT. GEOG. MAG., VOL. III, 1891.
1892 Feb 19