National Geographic : 1892 May 15
128 C. W. Hayes-Expedition through the Yukon District. The coast from Taku inlet to cape Spencer, and also from Icy bay to the western edge of sheet ii, is from the general chart of Alaska, number 900, issued by the United States Coast and Geodetic survey, Washington, 1891. The topography of the region shown on sheet ii between Selkirk, at the confluence of the Pelly and Lewes rivers, and the mouth of the Nizzenah is from my track survey, the greater part of which was a paced traverse. The Yukon from Selkirk to the edge of sheet ii is from the sketch survey by Charles A. Homan, published as sheet 5 of map accompanying the report of a military reconnoissance in Alaska, made in 1883 by Lieutenant Frederick Schwatka (Washington, 1885). Chittenah river and the mount Wrangell region are from the survey made by Allen in 1885; sheet 2 of map accompany ing the report of an expedition to the Copper, Tanana and Koyu kuk rivers, in the territory of Alaska, in the year 1885 by Lieu tenant Henry T. Allen (Washington, 1887). The coast from Icy bay to Yakutat bay, with the region to ward the north including mount St Elias, is from the surveys of Kerr in 1890 and Russell in 1891, embodied in the map of the mount St Elias region accompanying a recent paper on mount St Elias and its glaciers by Israel C. Russell.* OrographicFeatures. From the vicinity of Frazer river, in southern British Columbia, the western mainland range of the Cordilleran mountain system follows the coast toward the northwest as far as the head of Lynn canal. Here it becomes an interior range, while to the westward its place next the coast is taken by the St Elias range. The southern Alaskan coast mountains form a broad elevated belt with many scattered peaks, of which none perhaps have an alti tude of more than 8,000 or 9,000 feet, while there is no dominant chain. The southwestern front of the range rises abruptly from the waters of the inland passage, forming a rugged barrier to the interior. A few rivers have cut their channels through the range, and it is penetrated varying distances by numerous deep fiords. From the head of Lynn canal northwestward the range decreases in altitude and probably spreads out and merges in the broken * Am. Jour. Sci., 3d series, vol. xliii, 1892, pl. iv.
1893 Feb 08
1892 Mar 31