National Geographic : 1893 Feb 08
Perhaps not less important is the confirmation of the opinion expressed eight years ago by General Greely that Greenland ends near the 82d parallel, and that the land to the northward is probably separate. Lieutenant Peary's most northerly point, in latitude 82°, was that looking down on the great fiord which de bouches in Independence bay. It is of course not proved, but it is almost beyond question, that this is a continuation of Nor denskiold inlet, which begins in the Polar ocean near the 83d parallel. Of this fiord, discovered by Lieutenant Lockwood May 6,1882, that lamented and distinguished officer says: " The fiord at whose mouth we camped ran to the southeast or south to an immense distance; no land visible at its head." Lock wood was a very conservative man, and he charted this fiord southeastward to only longitude 45, which is but five degrees eastward, or less than fifty miles northwest of the most northerly point reached by Lieutenant Peary. The character of the land seen by Peary to the north and northwest indicates satisfactorily that these two fiords are one, as charted by Lieutenant Peary in the New York Sun of October 31. The discovery of musk oxen at Independence bay confirms General Greely's supposi tion, put forth in 1884, that these animals reach the eastern coast of Greenland through Nordenskiold or some adjacent inlet. In his sketch map (New York Sun, October 31) Peary extends the northern coast of Independence bay some fifty miles east ward, to about 25° west longitude. This easterly extension of bold, high, ice-free land, with intervening water, whereon the ice was in the process of disintegration, makes it exceedingly doubtful if a very high northing can be made on that coast, with McCormick bay as a base. With Thank-God harbor as a home station, however, there will be no serious difficulty in making a very high latitude, say 85° N., either via Lockwood's route or across the inland ice to Independence bay. A.W.G. Geographic Prizes.-The National Geographic Society, with a view of encouraging geography in the public high schools of the United States, has instituted certificates and medals which are to be awarded annually in each state to such graduating pupils of public high schools as shall write the best original geographic essays on subjects to be selected by a committee of the Society. It is intended that each essay shall pertain to the continent of 206 Notes.
1893 Feb 20
1892 May 15