National Geographic : 1893 Feb 08
184 J. E. McGrath- The Alaskan Boundary Survey. was more hideous than anything I ever read of the worst effects of plague or leprosy. In spring, summer and fall this section is the home for in numerable geese, swans and ducks. The Maklemut then lives well, and we were told wonderful stories of the number of birds killed by single hunters in a day's hunting. Two wild geese could be bought in some places for a head of tobacco, and a miner told us that the ruling rate for wild-goose eggs at the trader's store near cape Romannoff was a head of tobacco, or one third of a pound of lead for 150 eggs. It is needless to say that the native inhabitants of this section are not very particular about the quality or condition of the food they eat. There are no fastidious scruples about the cause of the death of their game. A white whale or seal that drifts ashore is taken with thanks, and if it is evident that the creature has been dead for some time there is the compensating advantage that the flesh is more tender. The Yukon river does not lack for settlements, but their size and condition hardly satisfied the ideas we had formed of them before they greeted our view. Kotlik is the home for a single white man, the old Russian trader and his family. Andreafski is only a name; a portion of the old storehouse here came in very handy for wood supplies when we passed it going up river. Ikogumut has some importance because it is the home of the Russian priest who has spiritual charge of most of the natives of the lower river. Kozerehhski is a few miles above the large Catholic mission of the Holy Cross. White Anvik affords a home to the bishop elect of the Episcopal diocese of interior Alaska. Next above Anvik is Nulato, once the outpost of the Russian Trading company and noted for being the scene (so graphically described by Professor Dall in his work on Alaska) of the only massacre perpetrated by the Indians on white people in the Yukon valley. The next station of note after passing Nulato is Nuklukayet, the emporium for the trade of Tanana river and the most productive trading post on the Yukon. About 100 miles above Nuklukayet the Yukon begins to spread out into the great lake-like section which is locally known as the " flats." In this portion of its course the stream is dotted with myriads of islands The great width of the river and the constant changes in the shallow channels leading to every point of the compass make this the most dreaded part of the river for the steamboat-men Near fort Yukon the river is said to be seven miles wide.
1893 Feb 20
1892 May 15