National Geographic : 1893 Mar 20
The Infusion of inferior Blood. 37 nationalities, but in the fact that the character of the immigra tion from other countries is lower than heretofore in respect to wealth, education and morality. Altogether the changes which the character of the immigration has taken on in the past ten or fifteen years have tended to lower the standard of American citizenship and press upon us the question whether it is not wise to take steps for limiting immigration. Of the entire body of immigrants who have joined us, 4,504,128 or 28 per cent are Germans; 5,911,454 have come from the United Kingdom, 3,481,074 of which are Irish. The United Kingdom and Germany together have supplied two-thirds of the entire immigration. Norway, Sweden and Denmark have furnished 1,067,548, while the contingent from other European countries has been comparatively small in amount. The constituents of the total immigration and of the immigration during the last decade are shown graphically in plate 12. THE FOREIGN BORN. What effect has the flood of immigration had upon the con stitution of our population? In 1840 all our people were of native birth, with the exception of 600,000 newly arrived im migrants. In 1850 those of foreign birth constituted between 9 and 10 per cent of our population. In 1860 this proportion had risen to 13 per cent, and in 1870 to nearly 141 per cent. In 1880 it suffered a slight reduction, being about 131 per cent, but in 1890 it had risen to 141 per cent, while the foreign born found in the country in that year numbered no fewer than 9,250,000. These facts are set forth in the following table: Increase of theforeign born. Census years. Native. Native white. Foreign. 1850............. 20,912,612 17,273,804 2,244,602 1860............. 27,304,624 22,862,794 4,138,697 1870.............. 32,991,142 28,111,133 5,567,229 1880 ............. 43,475,846 36,895,047 6,679,943 1890.............. 53,373,703 45,863,008 9,248,547 The following table shows the proportion which the native and foreign born bore to the total population at each census since 6-NAT. GEOG. MAG., VOL.V, 1893.
1893 Apr 7
1893 Feb 20