National Geographic : 1893 Jul 10
92 A. W. Greely-The World's Cities. In view of the preponderating influence exercised by great cities upon the progress and welfare of the world, it is extremely interesting to note that more than one-half of the cities herein named are either populated by English-speaking races or are under their control. Of these fifty-two cities, two are in Aus tralia, two in Canada, one in China, two in Egypt, thirteen in England, ten in India, two in Ireland, two in Scotland, one in Singapore and seventeen in the United States. It is not the purpose of this sketch to investigate the causes which particularly favor the enormous aggregations in modern cities, for such causes must be complex, local, and numerous. It is evident, however, at a glance, that the elements of easy transportation and a moderately rigorous climate are the most frequent concomitants, if they are not the predominating causes. As some one not very wisely remarked, "it is fortunate that great rivers run by so many great cities," and in this list but few cities are found which have not facilities for water transpor tation. By far the greater number of large cities are situated climatically in an average temperature between 45° and 55°. In the parts of Europe and America where these annual tem peratures prevail there is one city of 100,000 inhabitants to about every 2,000,000 of population. In Russia there is only one such city to over 9,000,000, and in India one to over 10,000,000 souls. With but few exceptions the populous cities of the world are the product of the age, as is illustrated by the fact that at the beginning of this century the United States had no city of one hundred thousand inhabitants, while now it has twenty eight; England had one only, now it has twenty-four.
1894 Jan 31
1893 May 05