National Geographic : 1893 Jul 10
82 A. W. Greely-An Undiscovered Island. "It was a fine, clear night. * * * At midnight the latitude was obtained by the inferior passage of the sun, 720 10' 30" N. *** (29 July, 1849.) * * * Our soundings had gradually increased to thirty five fathoms of soft blue mud. * * * This position was our most northern one latitude 72° 51' N., longitude 163° W. * * * Commander Moore (of the Plover) and the ice-master reporting a water sky to the north of the pack, and a strong ice-blink to the southwest." The evident incorrectness of the land charted is shown by the experience of Collinson in 1850, when the general line of the heavy pack-ice was somewhat farther northward, extending from southeast to northwest from 730 N. in 160° W. to 72° 40' N. in 165° W. Collinson, on August 26, 1850, was in 730 23' N., 164° W., and on August 28 was in 72° 35' N., 161° W., thus hav ing passed directly over the position of the land charted as above. Onthe17thhewasin72°45'N., 159°W.;August22in72°25' N., 158° W.; August 21 in 72° 10' N., 153° W. Collinson says: "August 17 (1850). * * * The fog cleared away at 1 p. m ., and we found ourselves in a lane of clear water ten miles wide, with a clear sea to the N. E. * * * Our observations placed us 100 miles N. W. by N. from point Barrow, and we found 45 fathoms of water, muddy bottom." " 21.-Had traced pack from 720 45' N. in 1590 W. for 275 miles to S. E., to 71° 42' N., 1540 30' W." " Aug. 28.-Here we reached our furthest point north in 730 23' N. and longitude 164° W. In the afternoon, the pack edge trending more to the southward, we got much encumbered by endeavoring to get through it to the eastward, straining our eyes in that direction in the hope of seeing either land or water." On August 18, 1850, McClure was in 70° 48' N., 1380 W., with no sign of land. The weight of opinion in the following few years was decidedly against there being such land, as shown by its omission from the charts of arctic America in the following-named works: Scoresby's Search for Franklin, London, 1851. Hooper's The Tents of the Tuski, London, 1852. Mangle's Arctic Searching Expedition, 2d edition, London, 1852, where Peterman's Search Map is reproduced (there being no map of the first edition, London, 1851). Sutherland's Voyage to Baffin's Bay and Barrow Strait (Peterman's map), London, 1852. Further Correspondence and Proceedings Connected with the Arctic Expedition, presented to Parliament, London, 1852 (Peterman's map). Lieutenant S. Gurney Cresswell's map, dated May 15, 1854. Brande's Sir John Franklin, map by Langes, Berlin, 1854. Armstrong's Northwest Passage, London, 1857.
1894 Jan 31
1893 May 05