National Geographic : 1894 Apr 25
42 M11.. Harrington- Weather making. after, it is said that many Indians believed in the white man's Great Spirit and presented themselves to the priests for baptism (Alice Elliot Keeler). A somewhat similar story is told of Peru by Acosta. It ap pears that the Santa Cruz Indians became Christians because of the success of a renegade soldier in making rain. This soldier, seeing the native Indians " In a great extremity for water, and that to procure rain they used many superstitious ceremonies, according to their usual manner," said to them that if they would do as he said they should presently have rain, which they willingly offered to perform. " Then the soldier made a great cross, which he placed on a high and eminent place, com manding them to worship it and to ,demand water, which they did. A wonderful thing to see, there presently fell such an abundance of rain, as the Indians took so great devotion to the, holy cross as they fled unto it in all their necessities, and obtained all they demanded, so as they broke down their idols."* The quotation from Acosta indicates the attitude of the In dians of middle latitudes on this subject. This attitude, as is well known to those familiar with the Latin-American countries, is preserved unchanged among their descendants. Interesting illustrations of it can be picked up any day even as far north as Arizona and New Mexico, and every traveller in Latin-America has several at his disposal. As the quintessence of them all I present a clipping from the New York Tribune to which my at tention was called by Dr T. C. Mendenhall. Se non e vero e ben trovato. The extract runs as follows : In the department of Castafas there had been no rain for nearly a year, and the people were brought to such a pass that they were actually dying of thirst, to say nothing of the total destruction of all crops and other agricultural industries. " El Pueblo Cat6lico," of New San Salvador, prints a number of reso lutions promulgated by the principal alcalde of the town and department of Castafias. They are as follows: " Considering that the Supreme Creator has not behaved well in this province, as in the whole of last year only one shower of rain fell; that in this summer, notwithstanding all the processions, prayers and praises, it has not rained at all, and consequently the crops of Castafias, on which depend the prosperity of the whole department, are entirely ruined, it is decreed: "Article 1. If within the peremptory period of eight days from the *Op. cit., vol. ii, p. 524.
1894 May 23
1894 Mar 17