National Geographic : 1894 Apr 25
Rain Ceremonials in South America. 39 Captain J. G. Bourke, in his "Snake Dance of the Moqui " (page 120) says: There was painted on the east wall a symbolical design, or " prayer," representing three rows of clouds in red and blue, from which depended long narrow black and white stripes, typical of rain, while from right and left issued long red and blue snakes, emblematic of lightning. This was a prayer to the god of clouds to send refreshing rains upon the Moqui crops. * * * Yellow was used in all prayers for pumpkins, green for corn, and red for peaches. Among the Zufli, according to Stevenson, medicine sticks were supposed to influence rain. These little sticks are found hidden beneath the rafters of nearly every house in Zufi.* Passing a little further from home we find, in Acosta's " His tory of the Indies,"t some accounts of rain producing and weather making among the Peruvian natives. According to him a Peruvian king in his lifetime caused a figure to be made wherein he was represented, which they called Huaugue, which signifies brother. They carried this image to the wars and in procession for rain or fair weather, making sundry feasts and sacrifices to it. They also pursued other methods. " In matters of importance they offered up alpacas, hanging the beast by the right fore-leg, turning his eyes to the sun, speaking certain words according to the quality of the sacrifice they slew ; for if it were of color their words were addressed to the god of thunder and lightning, that they might want no water " (page 341). If they wanted water, to procure rain they set a black sheep tied in the middle of a plain, pouring much chica about it. and giving it nothing, to eat until it rained (page 376). This is practiced (says Acosta, 1571-1588), at this day in many places in the month of October. OTHER WEATHER MAKING. What precedes relates to rain making or stopping. A some what similar series of facts occur among the American Indians concerning other elements of the weather, but their energies in this direction seem to be expended chiefly in the control of the winds. It appears that the Kansas gens of the Omaha are Wind people, and to them is especially entrusted the control of the * 2d Ann, Rep. Bureau of Ethnology, p. 371. t Hakluyt Society edition, vol. ii, pp. 312-313.
1894 May 23
1894 Mar 17