National Geographic : 1894 Apr 25
38 M. W. Harrington-Weathermaking. rain. At last one of the rain-makers came out of the mystery lodge and stood on the top of it with a spear in his hand, which he brandished about in a commanding and threatening manner, lifting it up as though he were about to hurl it at the heavens. He talked loud of the power of his medicine, holding up his medicine bag in one hand and his spear in the other; but it was of no use, and he came down in disgrace. For several days the same ceremony continued, until a rain-maker, with a head-dress of the skins of birds, ascended the top of the mystery lodge, with a bow in his hand and a quiver at his back. He made a long speech, for the sky was growing dark, and it required no great knowledge of the weather to foretell rain. He shot arrows to the sunrise and sundown points of the heavens, and also to the north and south, in honor of the Great Spirit, who could send rain from all parts of the sky. A fifth arrow he retained until it was almost certain that rain was at hand. Then, sending upethe shaft from his bow with all his might, to make a hole in the dark cloud over his head, he cried aloud for the waters to pour down at his bidding and to drench him to the skin. He was brandishing his bow in one hand and his medicine in the other, when the rain came down in torrents. Among the Blackfeet Indians, according to W. P. Clark in his "Indian Sign Language " (Philadelphia, 1885, page 72): The medicine man has a separate lodge, which faces the east. He fasts and dances to the sun, blowing his whistle. He is painted in different colors, and he must have no water, and only after dark can he eat, and then only the inner bark of the cotton-wood tree. A picture of the sun is painted on his forehead, the moon, ursa major, etc, on his body. The dance continues for four days, and should this medicine man drink it is sure to cause rain, and if it [does not] rains no other evidence of his weakness is wanted or taken. He is deposed as high priest at once. Mr W. Noble of Indian territory says that " The Choctaws, during a severe drought, will fasten a fish to one of their num ber, who then goes into the water and remains there every day for two weeks in order to cause it to rain." He adds that " In wet weather, if they wish the rain to cease, they go to a sand bank, put sand in a pan, and dry it over a fire." Among the Moqui, according to Schoolcraft: There is a charm used for calling down rain. It consists of a small quantity of wild honey wrapped up in the inner fold of the husk of the maize. To produce the effect desired it is necessary to take a piece of the shuck which contained the wild honey, chew it and spit it upon the ground which needs the rain. * * "History," etc, vol..iii, p. 208.
1894 May 23
1894 Mar 17