National Geographic : 1894 Dec 29
214 E. L. Berthoud-Sir Francis Drake's Anchorage. many feet above the present Pacific level; and that these con vulsions are still far from dormant is yearly witnessed by earth quake shocks, a state of high internal tension which might obliterate that magnificent bay. Consulting the account of Admiral Viscaino's survey of the coast of California as given in Father Venegas's History of Cali fornia: * The Capitana and tender had no sooner left the harbor of Monterey than they had a favorable wind, which, lasting till the twelfth day, car ried them beyond port St Francisco. But the day after, which was the 7th January, the wind shifted to the northwest, but blowing an easy gale, still made some way, and the tender, concluding there was no necessity for standing in for the shore, continued her voyage. The Capitana, think ing they were in company, did not shew any light, by which means in the morning they had no sight of each other, and the general (Viscaino) in the Capitana returned to port San Francisco to wait for the tender. . . . Another reason which induced the Capitana to put into Puerto Francisco was to take a survey of it and see if anything was to be found of the San Augustin, which in the year 1595 had, by order of his majesty and the viceroy, been sent from the Philippines by the governor to survey the coast of California under the direction of Sebastian Rodriguez Cer menon, a pilot of known abilities, but was driven ashore in this harbor by the violence of the wind. Among others on board the San Augustin was the pilot Francisco Volanas, who was also chief pilot of this squadron (Viscaino's). . .. And the general was desirous of putting in here to see if there remained any vestiges of the ship and cargo. The Capitana came to an anchor behind a point of land called la Punta de los Reys. We consider that this quotation most signally proves that port San Francisco was what is now known as Drakes bay, and that Sebastian Viscaino anchored at the northwestern corner, under Punta de los Reyes; and if we accept Acosta's map as published previous to 1580, then it would appear that port San Francisco is a name given to it by the Spaniards, and in no manner con nected with Sir Francis Drake's anchorage or the subsequent dubbing of San Francisco bay as the bay of Sir Francis Drake. * Venegas's History of California, pp. 288, 289, ed. 1757.
1895 Apr 20