National Geographic : 1894 Dec 29
182 J. W.Redway-The First Landfall of Columbus. In his day, Las Casas says that the island which the natives called Guanahani and Columbus renamed San Salvador, was known by the name of Triango. After a diligent search, how ever, I find no map bearing this name earlier than the third decade of the sixteenth century. This is the famous Weimar map, but unfortunately on this map the names both of Guana hani and Triango appear, the latter an islet a little to the east ward of Guanahani. Both names also appear on several other maps published during the next fifty years, and in the map of Sebastian Cabot (1544) an island, Triangulo, is found bearing the same relative position that Triango holds on the Weimar map. The name also appears on the maps of Gutierrez (1550) and Santa Cruz (1560). The name " Triangulo ou Watling " occurs on an anonymous map in the collection of R. and I. Ottens.* On this map Guanahani also occurs as a separate island. In 1856 Captain Becher, Royal Navy, discussed the question exhaustively, taking the ground that the present Watling t was the locus of the landfall. His researches forever put an end to any lingering belief that Cat island was the San Salvador of Columbus. His views have been ably supported by the late R. H. Major, Lieutenant Murdoch, United States Navy, and more recently by Captain William H. Parker, formerly of the United States Navy. Captain Parker combines the qualities of a trained seaman with those of a critical scholar. He spent many years in the West Indies and in Spain, and having had access to all papers and documents bearing upon the question, stands in the ranks of the foremost authorities. Mariguana or, more properly, Mayaguana island has been pointed out by Varnhagen as a probable site of the landfall. It lies in an east-and-west direction, and its shores are broken by spits and coves: but Varnhagen not only ignores the fact that on leaving Guanahani the squadron sailed to the southwest; he omits from his thesis the Admiral's declaration that on the mor row he should sail to the southwest. Varnhagen lays the course due west and anchors the squadron on the windward side of Acklin island (!) In 1880 Captain Gustavus V. Fox, United States Navy (in 1861 Assistant Secretary of the Navy), published a critical review of *Nova Tabula Exhibens Insulas Cuba et Hispanolani. Amsterdam. (I am unable to give the date. There is a copy in the British Museum.) t Named from a pirate of the seventeenth century.
1895 Apr 20