National Geographic : 1896 Jan
GEOGRAPHIC LITERATURE NAVY DEPARTMENT-Surgeon General.- Among valuable special reports are those of Surg. Gen. Tryon, on " The Relation of Naval Architecture to proper Sanitation; Dr H. G. Beyer, on "Normal Growth under the Influence of Exercise," and Dr E. R. Stitt, on "The Medical Aspect of the Nicaraguan Canal." Dr Stitt believes that while the construction of the canal would temporarily increase the prevailing malarial diseases, it would ultimately remove the most potent pestilential forces through changes in swamps and in the level of lake Nicaragua. PosT OFFICE DEPARTMENT. -- -The Postmaster General states that the revenue of his department for the year 1894-'95 was in round numbers $77,000,000, and that the expenditures amounted to $87,000,000. Mail service has been established on electric and cable lines in Boston, Brooklyn, Chicago, New York, Philadelphia, and St. Louis. The net increase in the number of post-offices is 429, principally in Oklahoma, Indian Terri tory, and Virginia. Cape Colony has joined the postal union, leaving Korea, China, and the Orange Free State the only civilized nations not embraced therein. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR. -The Secretary of the Interior covers in his report the operations of many bureaus, of which the more important are treated under the following heads: Patent Ofice.-There were 36,972 applications for patents, 20,465 pat ents were granted, 12,906 expired, and 3,208 were forfeited for nonpay ment of fees. Indian Bureau. - There are 161 Indian reservations, on which the prob lem of making the aborigines self-supporting is progressing with more or less rapidity. For schools alone $2,060,695 was appropriated, and nearly $7,000,000 for payment for lands and other treaty obligations. The school pupils have increased by 1,417 during the year. The total enrollment was 23,036, of whom 4,673 are in industrial training schools. Lands have been patented to 6,851 Indians during the year. General Land Ofice. -O f public lands there have been disposed of to Indians 42,000 acres; by sale, 417,000; miscellaneous entries, 7,947,000. There remain undisposed of 599,000,000 acres, exclusive of Alaska. The vacant public lands are largely in the arid regions, and from 8 to 25 per cent, according to various estimates, may ultimately be cultivated by irri gation. The Land Commissioner recommends the establishment of forest reservations, and that legislation be enacted relative to public timber, to the surveying of public lands through the Geological Survey, and to the establishment of a district land office in Alaska. Bureau of Education.-The number of pupils enrolled in schools in 1894 was 15,530,000, or 22.9 per cent of the entire population. National Parks and Forest Reservations.-There are sixteen reservations, with a total area of 16,325,000 acres, embracing parts of Arizona, Cali fornia, Colorado, New Mexico, Oregon, and Washington. The more im portant Yellowstone, Yosemite, and Sequoia parks are protected by mili tary guards.
1895 Oct 31