National Geographic : 1896 Jan
38 SCOPE AND VALUE OF ARCTIC EXPLORATIONS Liitke, Pachtussof, Krusenstern and Zivolka, stand forth in the annals of the world. In Hedenstr6m and Torrell Sweden finds examples that have borne such abundant fruit in the late active labors of her en thusiastic sons. Once it was said that the almighty dollar was the object and end of American endeavor, but when American treasure-not by the millions but by the billions-was poured out and lives by the hundreds of thousands were joyfully given for an idea the men of the new world rose to a higher place in European esti mation. A fellow-townsman of mine was a petty officer under Sir John Franklin, and among the hundreds engaged in the Franklin search none had a more altruistic and generous spirit than the American Elisha Kent Kane. Hayes left no danger undared to reach his "Open Polar Sea." Rodgers dared all, in Arctic ice as in the War for the Union. De Long and Ambler knew how to die, but not how to desert a helpless comrade. Hall followed the Arctic sledge to his very death. Lockwood, whose personal toil and suffering accomplished the farthest north and set the goal beyond which some more fortunate rival will soon pass, met with fortitude and sweetness the harsh fate which debarred the world from placing its laurel wreath save on his grave. I can scarcely say aught of British effort in a field that has been peculiarly England's for the past three centuries. And how, among her innumerable Arctic dead, shall I single out representatives, worthy examplers of British courage and effort? Like Macbeth's kings, the line stretches out to crack of doom. Great were the daring navigators of the sixteenth and seven teenth centuries-Chancellor and Davis and Frobisher, Hudson and Waymouth, Bylot and Baffin; but were they greater than in their way were Cook, Hearne, and Mackenzie in the eighteenth ? And when we come to their worthy compeers of this century, there is barely room for the names of these daring spirits. Here is Britain's unequaled roll: Austin, Back, Beechey, Buchan, Clavering, Collinson, Crozier, Forsyth, Goodsir, Inglefield, Kellett, Kennedy, Lefroy, Lyon, McClure, Maguire, Mecham, Moore, the immortal Nelson, Os born, Penny, Pim, Rae, Richardson, James C. Ross. John Ross. Sabine, Saunders, Scoresby, father and son; Simpson, and Stewart.
1895 Oct 31