National Geographic : 1896 Jan
RUSSIA IN EUROPE its eastern boundary, thus inviting the people to travel from place to place and to see more of the world; fourth, as a second result of the Crimean war was the freedom of the serfs in 1861 from a slavery of one hundred and fifty years; fifth, the con struction of the railroad across the Ural mountains to Siberia, and its subsequent extension east, through the southern part of the country, to the Pacific, through the rich agricultural region of Siberia; sixth, the trans-Caspian conquest and the construc tion of the railroad along the borders of Persia and Afghanistan, across the desert and the river Oxus to Samarcand, opening up several countries and a large population to the manufactures and commerce of Russia; thus a large and profitable commerce has been created pr diverted from England to Russia, which must greatly benefit Russia and trans-Caspia; seventh, the ex port of grain and petroleum from Russia to Europe, which is rapidly increasing, and the money obtained in exchange must greatly benefit the Russian farmer. The destinies of Asia are in the hands of Russia and England, and are more intimately connected with Russia than with Eng land, for the Russians have greater affinity with the Asiatics than the English, their influence over them is greater, and the Asiatics are more easily reconciled to the government of Russia than to that of the English. This contact and intercourse tend to develop both Asiatics and Russians. The day of awakening, of progress, of education, of prosperity to the Russian peasant is sure to come; but whether this civilization shall be that of Europe and America or Asia and China is uncertain. Russia, with her empire extending from the Atlantic to the Pacific, will become the leading nation of the Orient.
1895 Oct 31