National Geographic : 1896 Jun
MISCELLANEA. sisting of 75 mammals; 300 specimens of plants, 24 new; 700 specimens and 400 varieties of birds, 24 new; 375 specimens of reptiles, 22 new, and 7,000 specimens of butterflies, 50 new. POLAR REGIONS The Windward, of the Jackson-Harmsworth expedition, will leave for the Arctic regions early this month. She will carry letters for Dr Nansen, on the chance of falling in with him north of Franz Josef Land. Prof. Y . Nielsen, of the University of Christiania, states that at the last moment Dr Nansen contemplated a change in his route. It was to follow the sea of Kara along the east coast of Nova Zembla and reach Franz Josef Land to the north of the 80th parallel, whence he would push to the north to seek polar currents. Nielsen believes that this course has been followed by Nansen, since he failed to call for the dogs and supplies collected for him at the mouth of the Olenek. MISCELLANEA PROF. R. S. TARR will take a party of Cornell men to Greenland with Lieut. Peary this summer. The intention is to spend five or six weeks in studying the geology and natural history of a part of the coast north of Upernavik. The main object will be the study of glaciation, but the party will be so constituted that other subjects will receive full attention. A BRONZE MEMORIAL BUST of Commodore G. W. Melville, Engineer in-Chief of the United States Navy and Chief of the Bureau of Steam Engineering, has been presented to the Philadelphia Commandery of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion by a few of the friends and admirers of that distinguished engineer and arctic explorer. The bust, which is by Ellicott, is pronounced an excellent likeness. ALBERT PERRY BRIGHAM has recently published a noteworthy article entitled "The New Geography" (PopularScience Monthly, April, 1896), in which some of the characteristics of scientific geography are appreciatively set forth. The geography of past generations related to earth-forms treated as changeless units; the geography of the present generation treats of earth-forms as landmarks in terrestrial evolution, and leads to the con sideration of growth and decay, cause and effect, process and product, and finally of the agencies of earth-making; the old geography was mere description of dead forms, the new geographic description extends to his tory and cause. The contributions of Powell, Gilbert, Dutton, McGee, Davis, and other American students of the new science are recognized, Superintendent Powell's activity in disseminating sound method is com mended, and the activity of the National Geographic Society in discovery and in inculcating modern ideas is noticed. The article is of interest as an indication of progress in the development and diffusion of scientific geography, and its appearance in a journal not given to the recognition of modern earth science is especially welcome.