National Geographic : 1896 Aug
A LBEMARLE IN REVOL UTIONAR Y DAYS corn made into cakes; not a drop of any kind of spirit; what little there had been was already consumed by the first and second brigades; many officers to comfort themselves put red pepper into water to drink by way of cordial. On the arrival of the troops at Charlottesville the officers, what with vexation and to keep out the cold, drank rather freely of an abominable liquor called peach brandy, which, if drunk to excess, the fumes raise an absolute delirium, and in their cups several were guilty of deeds that would admit of no apology. The inhabitants must have actually thought us mad, for in the course of three or four days there were no less than six or seven duels fought. The officers were allowed to go into the surrounding country in search of quarters; the Englishmen within a fixed circuit which extended beyond Richmond on the east; the Germans within a similar circuit, chiefly within the Shenandoah valley and including Staunton. Captain Auburey has left a most in teresting account of his experiences in his book of travels pub lished in London in 1789. In the Memoirs of the Baroness von Riedesel, who was with the German troops, may be found a narrative which is even more instructive. The barracks were about six miles north of Charlottesville, near Ivy creek, on a plantation now belonging to Mr Carr. Here the troops were de tained until November, 1780, when the advance of the British through the Carolinas rendering their capture probable, they were marched northward. The British were moved to Maryland and thence to Connecticut; the Germans to Winchester, in the Shen andoah valley. Some of the Germans, it is said, were quartered upon the estate of General Daniel Morgan, in what is now Clarke county, and were employed by him to build the great stone mansion, still standing, which he named " Saratoga " in memory of the place associated with his triumph and their defeat. In 1780 a considerable number of other prisoners captured at the Cowpens and in South Carolina were also brought to Albemarle. These men were liberated by the British at the time of Tarleton's raid. It is a curious fact that some who had married here while in captivity deserted from the British lines at Yorktown and re turned here to live. It is said that some of their descendants still live in Albemarle. The position of Albemarle upon the frontier again gave it prominence in 1781, when the governor and legislature of Virginia having been driven from Richmond by the British invasion, Charlottesville became the temporary capital of the state.