National Geographic : 1897 Feb
CRATER LAKE, OREGON and Mr Bentley, who, in 1872, with Captain O. C. Applegate, of Modoc war fame, and three others, made a boat trip along its borders and named several of the prominences on the rim after members of the party.* Mrs F. F. Victor saw the lake in 1873 and briefly describes it in "Atlantis Arisen." t The first Geological Survey party visited the lake in 1883, when Everett Hayden and the writer, after spending several days in examining the rim, tumbled logs over the cliffs to the water's edge, lashed them together with ropes to make a raft, and paddled over to the island. In 1886, under the direction of Captain (now Major) C. E. Dutton, many soundings of the lake were made by W. G. Steel, and a topographic map of the vicinity was prepared by Mark B. Kerr and Eugene Ricksecker. Dut ton was the first to discover the more novel and salient features in the geological history of the lake, of which he has given, for his entertaining pen, an all too brief account.t Under the inspiration of the " Mazamas," a society of moun tain climbers at Portland, Oregon, of whose work an account is given in this magazine (page 58), a more extended study of the lake has just been made by government parties rom the Depart ment of Agriculture, the Fish Commission, and the Geological Survey. Crater lake is deeply set in the summit of the Cascade range, about 65 miles north of the California line. As yet it may be reached only by private conveyance over about 80 miles of mountain roads from Ashland, Medford, or Gold Hill, on the Southern Pacific railroad, in the Rogue River valley of southern Oregon. This valley marks the line between the Klamath moun tains of the Coast range on the west and the Cascade range on the east. The journey from the railroad to Crater lake affords a good opportunity to observe some of the most important features of this great pile of lavas. The Cascade range in south ern Oregon is a broad irregular platform, terminating rather abruptly in places upon its borders, especially to the westward, where the underlying Cretaceous and Tertiary sediments come to the surface. It is surmounted by volcanic cones and coulees, which are generally smooth, but sometimes rough and rugged. -* The names Watchman, Glacier, Llao, and Vidae, which appear on the map of the lake, have recently been adopted by the United States Board on Geographic Names. t "Atlantis Arisen," by Mrs Frances Fuller Victor, p. 179. SScience, vol. 7, 1886, pp. 179-182, and Eighth Annual Report of the U. S. Geological Survey, pp. 156-159.