National Geographic : 1897 Mar
GEOGRAPHIC NOTES Over 200,000 Russian peasants migrated to Siberia in 1896, but some 25,000 were forced to tramp back to their miserable homes, owing to the land set apart for colonization being insufficient to meet the demand. SYRIA. A steamer is now making regular trips from Jericho to Tiberias i. e., from the Dead Sea to the Sea of Galilee-in five hours. Several Jewish families recently settled in Jericho and are preparing to irrigate extensive fruit farms. JAPAN. The Russo-Japanese convention has been published in St Pe tersburg. It provides that Korea shall retain full liberty of action as regards both domestic and foreign policy. Russia and Japan will each keep a small force of troops in Korea until such time as the government can maintain order. INDIA. It is estimated that the present famine in India would have reduced the population of that country by 10,000,000 if it had been allowed to run its course unchecked. Over 3,000,000 persons are employed on government relief works, and hundreds of thousands more are being succored out of the fund (now amounting to the equivalent of nearly $3,000,000) contributed in the British Islands. AFRICA TRANSVAAL. The total output of gold for November was 201,113 ounces, as compared with an output of 195,218 ounces in November, 1895. MADAGASCAR. The French Colonial Minister has announced the inten tion of the government to maintain the equality of all religions in the island of Madagascar. He has forbidden, by telegraph, the proposed confiscation of Protestant churches. ALGERIA. According to the recent census, the city of Algiers contains 96,000 inhabitants, 46,000 being French by birth or naturalization, 9,600 Jews, 25,000 Arabs or belonging to other native races, 9,800 Spaniards, 3,500 Italians, 1,100 Maltese, and 235 English. CENTRAL AFRICA. Mr Poulett Weatherley, an Englishman, who recently visited Old Chitambo, where Livingstone's heart is buried, calls attention to the decay of the tree that marks the spot, and suggests the necessity of the immediate erection of a more enduring monument. EGYPT. During the recent Sudan expedition the number of all ranks of the Egyptian army killed in action was 47; the wounded numbered 122; 235 of all ranks died of cholera, and 126 died of other diseases. The Egyptian troops are said to have displayed great powers of endurance and a remarkable capacity for hard and continuous work. WEST' AFRICA. Wherever British influence predominates, railroad building is in progress. A line is in operation from Dakar, the chief port of Senegal, to St Louis, 175 miles north. Another line runs from Kayes up the valley of the Senegal toward Timbuctu, which it will soon reach. A line from Conakry to the Niger is also in contemplation. Dr Karl Peters recently stated in London that the whole African question was one of communication.