National Geographic : 1897 Jul
GEOGRAPHIC LITERATURE As the accuracy of the material from the Land Office and county sur veyors is not of the highest, the adopted mode of reduction was not the most accurate. The graphic methods used were rapid and sufficiently accurate for the purpose, which was to present in the form of a map and the form of a table the best knowledge available as to the magnetic decli nation in the year 1900. The work was planned and executed as a prac tical matter and chiefly for the use of surveyors. The only wonder is that the great stock of data in the General Land Office has not been hitherto made use of. Now that it has been, perhaps some of the colleges and universities in the land office States may be stim ulated to undertake a similar work for their own States, going over all the data and supplementing them by observations where such are found to be desirable. M. B. Carpenter'sGeographicalReader. Asia. By Frank G. Carpenter. Pp. 304, with maps and illustrations. New York: American Book Co., 1897. This little book treats of the various countries of Asia, mainly with relation to the occupations, social customs, amusements, etc., of their inhabitants. Being derived in the main from personal observation and experience, its descriptions are vivid and characteristic, with plenty of local color. H. G. Studies in Indiana Geography. Edited by Charles Redway Dryer, M. A ., M. D., Professor of Geography in The Indiana State Normal School. First series. Pp. 113, quarto. Terre Haute, Indiana: The Inland Publishing Company. 1897. 50 cents. This is a geographic reader, treating of local geography, shaped on the lines of modern science. The dedication to Professor William M, Davis is an index to the character of the book. The opening chapter, entitled " The New Geography," is a most excellent statement of what geography should be. The general physical geography of the State is given in broad outlines, clearly and simply. The topography of the State being largely the result of glacial deposition, this subject receives considerable atten tion under the chapter headings " The Glacial Deposits of Indiana" and "The Morainal Lakes of Indiana." The natural resources of the State coal, gas, petroleum, soils, building stone, clays, etc. -receive a chapter. An interesting subject, only too briefly treated, is the changes which have taken place in the surface of the State during the period of white occupa tion. As a specimen of what might be done for all our great cities, the book contains "A Study of the City of Terre Haute." This consists of a number of questions intended to draw out from schoolboys a full account of the origin, history, location, mode of government, municipal improve ments, and social condition of the city. It is exhaustive, extremely sug gestive, and altogether admirable. The book closes with a history of the Great Lakes, which seems rather out of place in this connection. The maps in the book are by no means in keeping with the quality of the text, being crudely drawn and poorly executed. The work as a whole is a most valuable addition to the teaching of geography, and its influence will be felt not only in the State of Indiana, but elsewhere. H. G.